50th anniversary publication

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Here are the full references for the research featured in our 50th anniversary publication. Where the research is published online, we’ve included links. Please note that not all the links are open access. The page numbers refer to where the research appears in the publication. 

Pages 8-9

Parents’ smoking habits:

Rush, D and Cassano, P. (1983) Relationship of cigarette smoking and social class to birthweight and perinatal mortality among all births in Britain, 5-11 April 1970. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 37, 249-255.

Neuspiel, D.R, Rush, D, Butler, N.R, Golding, J, Bijur, P.E and Kurzon, M. (1989) Parental smoking and post-infancy wheezing in children: a prospective cohort study. American Journal of Public Health, 79, 1-4.

Pasqualini, M, Pieroni, L and Tomassini C. (2019) How much and why does the mum matter? Mechanisms explaining the intergenerational transmission of smoking. Advances in Life Course Research.

Childhood inequalities:

Feinstein, L. (2003) Inequality in the Early Cognitive Development of British Children in the 1970 Cohort. Economica (70) 277, 73-97

Kids TV and adult obesity:

Viner, R.M and Cole, T.J. (2005) Television viewing in early childhood predicts adult body mass index. Journal of Pediatrics, 147(4), 429-435.

Pre-school benefits:

Osborn A.F. and Milbank J.E. (1987) The effects of early education. Published by Clarendon Press.


Pages 12-13

Focus on eyesight:

Stewart-Brown, S. (1985) Spectacle prescribing among 10-year-old children. British Journal of Ophthalmology, 69(12), 874-880.

Improving children’s chances:

Blanden, J. (2006) ‘Bucking the trend’: What enables those who are disadvantaged in childhood to succeed later in life? A report of research carried out by the Department of Economics, University of Surrey and the Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics on behalf of the Department for Work and Pensions.

Leisure pursuits:

Feinstein, L., Bynner, J. and Duckworth, K. (2015) Wider Benefits of Learning Research Report No.15: Leisure contexts in adolescence and their effects on adult outcomes. Centre for Research on the Wider Benefits of Learning.

Reading benefits:

Sullivan, A, and Brown, M. (2015) . British Educational Research Journal.

Sullivan, A, and Brown, M. (2015) Vocabulary from adolescence to middle age. Longitudinal and Life Course Studies 2015 Volume 6 Issue 2 Pp 173 – 189.


Pages 16-17

Adult basic skills:

Ekinsmyth, C. and Bynner, J. (1994) The basic skills of young adults: Some findings from the 1970 British Cohort Study. A report prepared by the Social Statistics Research Unit for the Adult Literacy and Basic Skills Unit.

Parsons, S. and Bynner, J. (2005) Does numeracy matter more? National Research and Development Centre for Adult Literacy and Numeracy.

A difficult transition:

Bynner, J. and Parsons, S. (2002) Social Exclusion and the Transition from School to Work: The Case of Young People Not in Education, Employment, or Training (NEET). Journal of Vocational Behaviour, 60(2), 289-309.

Careers talks:

Percy, C. and Kashefpakdel, E. (2016) Career education that works: an economic analysis using the British Cohort Study. Journal of Education and Work

Parents’ influence:

Flouri, E. (2006) Parental interest in children’s education, children’s self?esteem and locus of control, and later educational attainment: Twenty?six year follow?up of the 1970 British Birth Cohort. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 76, 41–55, The British Psychological Society


Pages 20-21

Benefits of degrees:

Bynner, J., Dolton, P., Feinstein, L, Makepeace, G., Malmberg, L., and Woods, L. (2003) Revisiting the benefits of higher education. A report by the Bedford Group for Lifecourse and Statistical Studies, Institute of Education

Like mother, like daughter:

De Coulon, A., Meschi, E., and Vignoles, A. (2008) Parents’ Basic Skills and Children Cognitive Outcomes. Centre for the Economics of Education, London School of Economics and Political Science

Parenting decisions:

Waynforth, D. (2011) Grandparental investment and reproductive decisions in the longitudinal 1970 British Cohort Study.Proceedings of the Royal Society B, Volume 279

Social mobility:

Blanden, J., Machin, S. (2007) Recent changes in intergenerational mobility in Great Britain. The Sutton Trust.

Women’s pay:

Joshi, H., Makepeace, G., and Dolton, P. (2007) More or Less Unequal? Evidence on the Pay of Men and Women from the British Birth Cohort Studies. Gender, Work and Organization. Vol. 14 No. 1.


Pages 24-25:

University prospects:

Sullivan, A., Parsons, S., Wiggins, R., Heath, A., and Green, F. (2014) Social origins, school type and higher education destinations. Oxford Review of Education, 40:6, 739-763.

Mental health:

Fleche, S., Lekfuangfu, W.N., and Clark, A.E. (2019) The long-lasting effects of family and childhood on adult wellbeing: Evidence from British cohort data. Journal of Economic Behaviour and Organization.

Weighing in:

Johnson W, Li L, Kuh D, and Hardy R. (2015) How Has the Age-Related Process of Overweight or Obesity Development Changed over Time? Coordinated Analyses of Individual Participant Data from Five United Kingdom Birth Cohorts. PLoS Med 12(5).


Berrington A. (2017) Childlessness in the UK. In: Kreyenfeld M., Konietzka D. (eds) Childlessness in Europe: Contexts, Causes, and Consequences. Demographic Research Monographs (A series of the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research). Springer, Cham.